SRP761 - What is Planning Processes & Practice Planning?

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Question

What is Planning? Where is it heading?

In the form of a self‐reflective essay, articulate the key themes and challenges that you consider will influence the evolution of planning over the next few decades, reflecting on past approaches and debates that have influenced the evolution of current land use planning theory and practice. You are encouraged to formulate and support your individual ideas about the future position of planning and articulate how you anticipate planning (and planning professionals, possibly yourself) may be able to influence the resolution of future issues and challenges.

  • Students will identify and record established and emerging perspectives on the role and scope of planning.
  • Students will formulate a personal record of the issues, dilemmas, emerging pressures and likely future directions of a profession charged with providing skilled leadership in planning for changing cities, communities, environments and economies. This will be informed by an understanding of the evolution of planning practice and theory.
  • Students will formulate robust, defensible opinions regarding the challenges, opportunities and desirable refinements confronting the enterprise of urban and settlement planning.
  • Students will be able to express and defend emerging opinions about the evolving role of planning in responding to or anticipating, the likely future demands on the profession and on the practice of planning.

Solution

Planning

I would like to start the paper with a very famous saying: ‘By failing to plan, you plan to fail’. The powerful saying is itself strong enough to convey how important planning is in our lives. We plan so that we can succeed; we plan so that we can convert our dreams into reality; we plan so that we can be winners. There are many people who don’t plan for various reasons and thus lose their effectiveness in the last moment rush (Christensen, 1985). Planning does not require any degree that needs to be obtained; it needs only our focused ideas at certain times. Therefore planning is the easiest thing to make our lives smooth and successful. John Maxwell 2011, in his ‘Seven Principles of Planning’, discusses the four different types of planning and how it leads to different consequences. He uses a metaphor ‘whitewater rafting’ to merge his views into reality. According to him, the guide of the raft has to plan the most appropriate route to save the raft from smashing or capsizing whenever the rapids approach the raft. The four types of planning he discusses are Passive Planning, Panic Planning, Scientific Planning, and Principle-centered Planning.

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Evolution Of Current Land Use Planning Theory And Practice

The old planning principles that emerged with the lack of efficiency has not been successful to manage the land use issues in the proper way. There are various issues which need to be addressed in the more precise way and with more detailed care. Land use concerns human life directly, so any principle or theory which is used to handle land use issues should be highly practical in every sense and should be principle-centered. It needs to take care of human’s rights including the land rights of local communities and indigenous people, food security and biodiversity. In the climate change, there is a significant role played by forest use and land loss. It contributes one-quarter global emissions of greenhouse gas. With the help of land use, UNFCCC decided the importance of forests in mitigation. It set the LULUCF which is land use change and forestry for developed countries and REDD+ for developing countries which is reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation (Bucki, M., et al. 2012). There is a very limited discussion about agriculture with respect to food security concerns. The land sector is considered prominent in climate mitigation because it involves both emissions and removals.As we see, emissions from fossil carbon are sort of permanent whereas sequestration of emissions is temporary in forests and soils (F.M. et al. (2012). Mitigation policies should make sure that the central role of the land sector to provide food and livelihood security is being played properly. This means they have to take care of biodiversity protection, social and environmental safety, wetland and so on. Mitigation acts should not affect the biodiversity to be in accordance with the objectives of other Rio Conventions. There is a need for a comprehensive approach and planning of land use to address all these issues of the land sector. All these issues are equally important and can lead to the worst scenario for mankind if taken lightly. It cannot be focused totally only on mitigation activities; in fact, it also needs to establish the development of policies to protect land resources (Fern, 2014).

Future Position Of Planning Processes

There is an urgent need for proper planning processes in today’s world. If we would see and try to map its position, it is very difficult to determine it exactly. The ever-growing problems may give it an awareness resulting in good planning processes in the future or it may also give it more negligible look resulting in ineffective planning processes. It may happen that because of facing various problems one may not feel the passion plan it well and would turn as a passive planner. On the other hand, it may also excite someone to bring a reform by planning it out successfully. Whatever the position it takes in the future, the fact would remain the same that there is an exigent need for a proper and successful planning in today’s world to save the humanity from any unfortunate natural disaster. There is a need to have it urgently and constantly as the energy level would be going down gradually and if we don’t plan beforehand, we would be wasting it unnecessarily (Alexander, 1996).

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