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Write a proposal for a grant to fund a program that aims to address an issue related to a particular health condition. Explain the issue, and provide evidence (e.g., cite studies) and arguments regarding how your program can be part of the solution. You do not have to propose a budget—spend your time on the description of the problem, the reason it is important, and the argument for why your proposed programme will be likely to make a difference to those living with the health condition.
This proposal is dedicated to searching for methods and approaches that will enable improvement in the health, educational scope, welfare and opportunities for children, adolescents and young patients affected with diabetes mellitus of type 2 (Type 2 diabetes Mellitus i.e. T2DM). The program will include a field survey of the younger population who have either inherited the disease or have been afflicted with it at a very young age and examine in detail the psychological trauma, social disturbances and emotional disorders related to the disease. The program will cover activities, projects and planned interventions towards the study of the disease and make predictions for its possible prevention. It will also outline how training in self-care and self-management of the disease will go a long way in the prevention and control of diabetes mellitus.
Introduction to Diabetes
Diabetes is spreading like wildfire in developed as well as developing countries. In 2012, the total number of Americans with diabetes reached 26 million, while people in a pre-diabetes condition were estimated to be 79 million, and it is predicted that by 2050, one out of every three Americans will be afflicted with this disease (Shrivastava et al., 2013).
What is Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder caused by lack of production of insulin or insufficient production of the insulin hormone, which leads to glucose intolerance and hence hyperglycaemia (Shrivastava et al., 2013). Diabetes Mellitus is of two types: absolute (Type 1 DM) and relative (Type 2). This condition is both chronics as well as progressive, except if it is arrested in a timely and methodical manner. Self-care is the best and most recommended method for preventing and controlling Type 2 DM depicting good outcomes and significant improvement (Shrivastava et al., 2013).
Biological Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
Researchers have identified several risk factors that elevate the occurrence of Type 2 Diabetes. Reasons for the development of diabetes vary from person to person. For some, a sedentary lifestyle may be the chief cause of T2DM (Zimmet, 2001), while for others, the lack of physical activity is the leading factor (Hu, 2001). These two traits are commonly found in developed countries (Yanling, et al. 2014). Besides these, excessive smoking and alcohol consumption are also causative agents, disturbing the production of insulin (Manson, 2000 and Cullman 2012). The highest risk factor for diabetes mellitus is obesity which hinders insulin development and leads to the progression of the disease (Belkina and Dennis, 2010). According to World Health Organization (WHO, 2011), almost 90% of patients develop T2DM due to excess body weight, and nearly all of these are affected by hereditary issues (Walley, et al. 2006). In research by Pamidi, et al., 2012, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) has been identified as a major risk factor for insulin irregularities and glucose intolerance. OSA is mainly prevalent in overweight and obese patients and may be the reason behind pre-diabetes (Lindberg, et al. 2012). Ioja et al., 2012 opine that OSA is an easily treatable disorder and can be avoided if detected early and proper measures are taken to prevent it (Ioja, et al., 2012).
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